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Sanskrit Grammar Transliteration English
किमर्थम् indecl. kimartham why
किमर्थं भोः? expr. kimarthaM bhoH? Why?
केन ind. kena why?
इति ind. iti why?
कस्मात् ind. kasmAt why?
किम् indecl. kim why?
कुतः interr. ad kutaH why?
केन ind. kena how? why?
किमर्थम् एतावान् विलम्बः ? sent. kimartham etAvAn vilambaH ? Why so late?
त्रिचक्रिका किमर्थम्? sent. tricakrikA kimartham? Why rickshaw?
किमर्थम् एवं त्वरा ? sent. kimartham evaM tvarA ? Why such hurry?
कथा ind. kathA how? whence? why?
किमर्थं विलम्बः? sent. kimarthaM vilambaH? Why are you late?
किमर्थं एतावान् विलम्बः? sent. kimarthaM etAvAn vilambaH? Why are you late?
तथा किमर्थं वदति? sent. tathA kimarthaM vadati? Why do you say so?
किमर्थं भवान् क्षुभ्यति? sent. kimarthaM bhavAn kSubhyati? Why are you shouting?
किमर्थं तत् एवं अभवत्? sent. kimarthaM tat evaM abhavat? Why did it happen so?
किमर्थं तत् एवं जातम् ? sent. kimarthaM tat evaM jAtam ? Why did it so happen?
कथन्तराम् ind. kathantarAm still more how or why?
किमर्थं? कः विशेषः? sent. kimarthaM? kaH vizeSaH? Why? anything special?
किमर्थं एतावान् विलम्बः? sent. kimarthaM etAvAn vilambaH? Why (are you) so late?
किं भोः, एवं वदसि? sent. kiM bhoH, evaM vadasi? Hey, why do you say so?
किमर्थं तद् न भवति? sent. kimarthaM tad na bhavati? Why can't that be done?
अहं किमर्थं असत्यं वदामि? sent. ahaM kimarthaM asatyaM vadAmi? Why should I tell a lie?
किमर्थं तावती चिन्ता? sent. kimarthaM tAvatI cintA? Why so much botheration?
किमर्थं एवं सम्भ्रमः? sent. kimarthaM evaM sambhramaH? Why so much of confusion?
किमर्थं इदानीं अपि कार्यं न आरब्धम्? sent. kimarthaM idAnIM api kAryaM na Arabdham? Why hasn't the work begun?
तस्य कृते किमर्थं दत्तवान्? sent. tasya kRte kimarthaM dattavAn? Why did you give it to him?
तर्हि किमर्थं द्रष्टव्यम्? sent. tarhi kimarthaM draSTavyam? Why should you see it then?
विना कारणं किमर्थं गन्तव्यम्? sent. vinA kAraNaM kimarthaM gantavyam? Why go there unnecessarily?
तद्दिने किमर्थं भवान् न आगतवान्? sent. taddine kimarthaM bhavAn na AgatavAn? Why didn't you come that day?
मम छत्रं भवान् किमर्थं स्वीकृतवान्? sent. mama chatraM bhavAn kimarthaM svIkRtavAn? Why did you take my umbrella?
किमर्थं प्रतिदिनं विलम्बेन आगच्छन्ति? sent. kimarthaM pratidinaM vilambena Agacchanti? Why do you come late everyday?
किमर्थं पूर्वं न उक्तवान्? sent. kimarthaM pUrvaM na uktavAn? Why didn't you say it earlier?
किमर्थं अद्य रुचिरेव नास्ति sent. kimarthaM adya rucireva nAsti Why dishes are not tasty today?
किमर्थं वृथा व्ययः इति? sent. kimarthaM vRthA vyayaH iti? Why this unnecessary expenditure?
एकाकी किमर्थम्? परिवारसमेतः गतवान् sent. ekAkI kimartham? parivArasametaH gatavAn Why alone? I went with my family.
किम् ind. kim what? how? whence? wherefore? why?
किं भोः, भोजनमेव न करोति? sent. kiM bhoH, bhojanameva na karoti? Why dear, you do not eat anything?
किंनिमित्तम् ind. kiMnimittam from what cause? for what reason? why?
किं अम्ब, प्रतिदिनं सारः एव? sent. kiM amba, pratidinaM sAraH eva? Dear, why, only soup / Rasam every day?
किमिति पदे पदे आह्वयन्ति? sent. kimiti pade pade Ahvayanti? Why are you calling me again and again ?
किमर्थं कण्ठः अवरुद्धः? sent. kimarthaM kaNThaH avaruddhaH? Why is there the blocking of the throat?
मया न ज्ञायते | किमर्थं भवती पृच्छति इदानीम् ? sent. mayA na jJAyate | kimarthaM bhavatI pRcchati idAnIm ? I don't know. Why are you asking [me] now?
किमर्थम् ind. kimartham from what motive? what for? wherefore? why?
भवती का इति अहम् अभिज्ञातुं न शक्तवान् | अतः एवं जातम् | sent. bhavatI kA iti aham abhijJAtuM na zaktavAn | ataH evaM jAtam | I could not recognize you. That's why it happened so.
बुद्धिमान् विवेकी सन् अपि भवान् किमर्थम् एतत् अवगन्तुं न शक्तवान् ? sent. buddhimAn vivekI san api bhavAn kimartham etat avagantuM na zaktavAn ? Being intelligent and wise, why you were still unable to understand this?
संस्कृतं जानामि इति वदति भवान् तदनन्तरं संस्कृतेन सम्भाषणं कर्तुं किमर्थं सङ्कोचः ? sent. saMskRtaM jAnAmi iti vadati bhavAn tadanantaraM saMskRtena sambhASaNaM kartuM kimarthaM saGkocaH ? You say you know Sanskrit but why then this hesitation to talk in Sanskrit?
भवान् एकत्र स्थापयति अन्यत्र अन्वेषणं करोति | किमर्थं इति पृच्छामि चेत् भवान् कुप्यति sent. bhavAn ekatra sthApayati anyatra anveSaNaM karoti | kimarthaM iti pRcchAmi cet bhavAn kupyati You keep it in one place and search [for it] somewhere else. If I ask you why, you get upset.
स्वामी सर्वत्र अस्ति चेत् किमर्थं सर्वे देवालयं गत्वा तं प्रार्थयन्ति इति बालकः मातरं पृष्टवान् sent. svAmI sarvatra asti cet kimarthaM sarve devAlayaM gatvA taM prArthayanti iti bAlakaH mAtaraM pRSTavAn If God is everywhere why everyone goes to the temple to pray to Him? the boy asked [his] mother.
सा देवालये कार्यकर्त्री | तस्मातेव तया किञ्चित् शीग्रं गन्तव्यम् अस्ति | sent. sA devAlaye kAryakartrI | tasmAteva tayA kiJcit zIgraM gantavyam asti | She is a volunteer in the temple. That's why [it is necessary that] she should go a little earlier.
प्रतिवेशी किमर्थं अर्धरात्रसम्ये वीनां वादयति ? उचितसमयं न प्रातवान् किम्? sent. prativezI kimarthaM ardharAtrasamye vInAM vAdayati ? ucitasamayaM na prAtavAn kim? Why is [our] neighbor playing Veena in the middle of the night? Did he not find an appropriate time [for that]?
यत्कृते ind. yatkRte why
यदर्थम् ind. yadartham why
यदर्थे ind. yadarthe why
यन्निमित्तम् ind. yannimittam why
यत्कारणम् ind. yatkAraNam why
अकस्मात् ind. akasmAt without a why or a wherefore
कुतस् ind. kutas wherefore? why? from what cause or motive? because
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