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Sanskrit Grammar Transliteration English
स्वर m. svara vowel
व्यक्ति f. vyakti vowel
वर्ण m. varNa vowel
अक्षर n. akSara vowel
अक्षरक n. akSaraka vowel
घोष m. ghoSa vowels
गुण m. guNa vowels a
semi-vowel
दीर्घवर्ण m. dIrghavarNa long vowel
सर m. sara short vowel
ह्रस्व m. hrasva short vowel
अवर्ण m. avarNa vowel a or A
समानाक्षर n. samAnAkSara simple vowel
स्वरभूत adj. svarabhUta become a vowel
कण्ठ्यस्वर m. kaNThyasvara guttural vowel
स्वरान्तर n. svarAntara vowel-interval
स्वरान्तर n. svarAntara vowel-interval
स्वरान्तर n. svarAntara vowel-interval
सन्ध्यक्षर n. sandhyakSara compound vowel
स्वरभक्ति f. svarabhakti vowel-separation
स्वरभक्ति f. svarabhakti vowel-separation
स्वरभक्ति f. svarabhakti vowel-separation
अजन्त adj. ajanta ending in a vowel
स्वरान्त adj. svarAnta ending in a vowel
दीर्घवत् ind. dIrghavat like a long vowel
स्वरवत् adj. svaravat containing a vowel
स्वरान्तरे ind. svarAntare between two vowels
स्वरसंयोग m. svarasaMyoga junction of vowels
उपोत्तम n. upottama last vowel but one
स्वरोदय adj. svarodaya followed by a vowel
कल adj. kala faulty pronunciation [of vowels]
बह्वच् adj. bahvac having several vowels
बह्वच्क adj. bahvacka having several vowels
अल्पस्वर adj. alpasvara containing few vowels
स्वरविभक्ति f. svaravibhakti separation of a vowel
समानवर्ण adj. samAnavarNa having the same vowels
शौद्धाक्षर adj. zauddhAkSara relating to a pure vowel
सङ्घात m. saGghAta vowel with its consonant
ह्रस्वपूर्व adj. hrasvapUrva preceded by a short vowel
निरर्थ adj. nirartha having no following vowel
ह्रस्वोदय adj. hrasvodaya followed by a short vowel
प्रसार्य adj. prasArya to be changed into a vowel
अस्वरादि adj. asvarAdi not beginning with a vowel
गुण m. guNa first gradation of a vowel
लृ lR ninth vowel of the alphabet
भुग्न adj. bhugna au before non-labial vowels
स्वरान्तर n. svarAntara interval between two vowels
उभयतोह्रस्व adj. ubhayatohrasva produced by two short vowels
वामनेत्र n. vAmanetra mystical name of the vowel I
आदिप्लुत adj. Adipluta whose first vowel is prolated
रङ्ग m. raGga nasal modification of a vowel
प्लव m. plava prolated utterance of a vowel
षष्ठ m. SaSTha sixth letter i.e. the vowel I
अर्धह्रस्व n. ardhahrasva quantity of half a short vowel
गुरुलाघव n. gurulAghava length and shortness of vowels
दीर्घरूप adj. dIrgharUpa having the form of a long vowel
स्वरसन्धि m. svarasandhi junction or coalition of vowels
लाघव n. lAghava shortness of a vowel or syllable
प्रसारण n. prasAraNa changing a semivowel into a vowel
उभयतोह्रस्व adj. ubhayatohrasva having a short vowel on both sides
सर्वोपध adj. sarvopadha having any kind of preceding vowel
उद्ग्राहपदवृत्ति f. udgrAhapadavRtti udgrAha sandhi before a long vowel
सम्प्रसारण n. samprasAraNa mutual interchange of the vowels i
अस्वर adj. asvara having no vowel Up having no accent
गुरुवर्ण m. guruvarNa vowel long by nature or by position
दीर्घाभिनिष्ठानान्त adj. dIrghAbhiniSThAnAnta ending in a long vowel or in Visarga
स्वरोपध adj. svaropadha having a vowel as penultimate letter
अदन्त adj. adanta ending in the short inherent vowel a
उत्क्षेप m. utkSepa particular mode of lengthening vowels
प्लावित n. plAvita song in which the vowels are prolated
अनेकाच् adj. anekAc having more than one vowel or syllable
प्रतिन्यूङ्ख m. pratinyUGkha corresponding insertion of the vowel o
कल adj. kala a kind of faulty pronunciation of vowels
प्रग्रह m. pragraha vowel not subject to the rules of sandhi
ग्रस्त n. grasta inarticulate pronunciation of the vowels
ध्मात n. dhmAta particular wrong pronunciation of vowels
व्यवौति verb vyavauti { vyave } resolve or separate by inserting a vowel
वृद्धि f. vRddhi second modification or increase of vowels
द्रुत n. druta particular faulty pronunciation of vowels
रोमश adj. romaza applied to a faulty pronunciation of vowels
गुणवृद्धी f. guNavRddhI gradations of vowels called guNa and vRddhi
उत्तररूप n. uttararUpa second of two combined vowels or consonants
वृद्धिमत् adj. vRddhimat causing the vowel-modification called vRddhi
वृद्धिमत् adj. vRddhimat causing the vowel-modification called vRddhi
वृद्धिमत् adj. vRddhimat causing the vowel-modification called vRddhi
सिम् ind. sim a technical term for the eight simple vowels
पूर्वरूप n. pUrvarUpa first of two concurrent vowels or consonants
अन्तःस्थ adj. antaHstha as standing between the consonants and vowels
अनुस्वार m. anusvAra and which always belongs to a preceding vowel
विकम्पित n. vikampita particular faulty pronunciation of the vowels
अम्बूकृत n. ambUkRta peculiar indistinct pronunciation of the vowels
विकीर्ण n. vikIrNa particular fault in the pronunciation of vowels
प्रसारयति verb caus. prasArayati { prasR } change a semivowel into the corresponding vowel
मात्रा f. mAtrA length of time required to pronounce a short vowel
षष्ठादि adj. SaSThAdi beginning with the sixth letter i.e. with the vowel I
गुरुमत् adj. gurumat containing a vowel which is long by nature or position
विवृत्ति f. vivRtti opening of two vowels upon each other without blending
प्रतिन्यूङ्खयति verb pratinyUGkhayati { pratinyUGkhaya } insert the vowel o in the corresponding stanza or verse
प्रसारणिन् adj. prasAraNin containing a semivowel liable to be changed into a vowel
सर्ववृद्ध adj. sarvavRddha recited entirely according to the quantity of the vowels
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